by a French author, but I have the German copy of the book:
Robert Fossier: Das Leben im Mittelalter (Piper)
lots of interesting aspects are covered - "Stadien des Lebens", "Die Natur", "Wissen", "Die Seele" - describing how they were dealt with in the Middle Ages.
Barbara Tuchman (apparently, an American! Again, I have the German copy of her book, and never realised she wasn't German until just now...) "Der ferne Spiegel - Das dramatische 14. Jahrhundert.
Taking a small town in France as her starting point, she describes the really quite dramatic century. Very readable, even, as I realise now, in translation...
this thread has a couple of recommendations for history books of sorts, too: related discussion: read any interesting books lately?
And since you had that book about Dresden in 1945 yourself - Victor Klemperer's Diaries are an amazing eye-witness account of the slide into total barbarism in Germany - and it's mostly set in Dresden, too!