'Dixie' is very old-fashioned and racist, and 'chicks' is relatively old-fashioned and sexist. But the appeal of the name as a whole was partly in that thumbing their noses at tradition, and partly just in the sound, the near-rhyme. It was cute, you have to give them that. And I agree that #1 is the underlying ethic -- people can call themselves names that would be offensive in the mouths of others.
In any case, the band has been known for a long time as anything but traditional in their political stance, which is all the more striking in the generally conservative milieu of country music. Don't forget their protest against the Iraq war.
It was 2003, the United States was about to invade Iraq, and the country trio were on top of the charts. At a concert at the Shepherd’s Bush Empire in London that March, band member Natalie Maines had told the crowd, “Just so you know, we’re on the good side with y’all. We do not want this war, this violence, and we’re ashamed that the president of the United States is from Texas.”
The backlash was swift. Fans were incensed, and the Dixie Chicks were blacklisted from thousands of radio stations across the country and lost lucrative partnership deals and sponsorships.
In today’s parlance, they were canceled.
It took over a decade and a comeback album for the trio to fully return to the spotlight. Now, with over 33 million albums sold in the United States, they are the best-selling female group in the country. https://www.glamour.com/story/the-reaction-to...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dixie_Chickshttps://www.nbcnews.com/pop-culture/pop-cultu...https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/25/arts/music...https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-pro...https://www.latimes.com/entertainment-arts/mu...https://www.vanityfair.com/style/2020/06/dixi...https://time.com/5859665/dixie-chicks-name-change/