Lochbild nach ISO 4401-03-02
Mineralöl HL und HLP nach DIN 51 524
Reinheitsklasse nach ISO 4406:1999
Whenever I see "nach" in the above sense translated as "according to" (and it's very common!), I always think "Ooops". My preference in such cases would be to translate "nach" as "in accordance with", or "as per" (slightly military), or simply as "to".
To my mind and ears, "in accordance with" and "according to" have quite different meanings, which correspond broadly to "gemäss" and "laut, zufolge", and which the following example will, I hope, make clear.
The manufacturer claims that the sample has been manufactured in accordance with the international standard ISO 4401. According to that standard, however, dimension X should be a maximum of 10 mm, and in the sample supplied it is 10.2 mm.
Other uses of "according to" might be:
According to the forecast in the newspaper, it's going to rain tonight.
I'm so last-century, according to my kids.
CNN reported today that George Bush and Tony Blair will simultaneously denounce each other as having had firm evidence that there were no WMDs in Iraq. According to an unnamed source, they have developed this plan with the mutual aim of being able to leave office with credit for having helped to uncover a conspiracy.
[is anything impossible today :-) ]
I had wondered whether this "Oooops" feeling of mine was due to the fact that I am
- Scottish (there are differences between Scottish and English usage)
- no longer young (and language is constantly evolving)
but this morning I checked the COD, which gives 2 meanings for "according to"
1. as stated by or in
2. corresponding or in proportion to
Hopefully, the first meaning is clear to non-natives from my examples above. Here is an example of the second meaning:
Children should be given one or two tablets, according to their body weight (see Table 2).
A. do BEs and AEs agree with me (and some clarification in LEO might be indicated), or
B. am I an old Scottish pedant who's fighting a losing battle.
To save time, you can respond simply with A or B!