I think you always overlook these sentences:
It is for these reason that each entry recorded in the dictionary is described in terms of the sentence pattern (or patterns ) in which it normally appears.These patterns ( and their transformations ) are not fully described in the entries themselves. Instead, we make use of a small set of abbreviations which for each entry make up a grammatical code.
Note: And the codes are [Vp], [Vn.p], [Vpr], [Vn.pr] and so on given in the OP.
Here is an entry of bring up, recorded in the dictionary:
bring up [Vn <=> p pass adj] raise, rear, educate(sb) S:parent, foster-parent, grandmother, nurse. O:child, family. A: properly, in style; single-handed, in poverty: The nurse, suffering from conscience, adopted Prissie and brought her up....... (other example sentences follow)
p means particle (see OP)
pass means passiv, it's possible to use the passive voice
S means subject
O means object
<=> means particle and nomen can be interchanged
With this I would like to point out the symbolic marks [Vp], [Vn.p], [Vn. pr] and so on given in the OP.
It's only a small part of the meanings recorded, though!