#s 8, 10, 11
Right. Here's the meaning of "money is no object" that I am familiar with:
Definition of money is no object
—used to say that someone is not concerned about the price of things
When they take a vacation, money is no object.
Money is no object, and Expense is no object.
Fig. It does not matter how much something costs.
Please show me your finest automobile. Money is no object.
I want the finest earrings you have. Don't worry about how much they cost because expense is no object.
[McGraw-Hill Dictionary of American Idioms and Phrasal Verbs. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.]
In the exchange from the OP it wouldn't make any sense. It sounds like a non sequitur:
A: That's an interesting project. but I couldn't offer you any financing until a couple of months (from now).
B: No problem. Money is no object.
I'd suggest something like: Money is not an obstacle for us (at this point). Or the suggestion in #1 from 15(!) years ago - with or without the "you".
#12: In dieser Situation ist "Kein Problem, am Geld soll es nicht scheitern" eine eigenartige Formulierung,
Yes! Thank you for confirming that. I thought there was some nuance here in the German that I was missing.
I would interpret the "Don't (you) worry about the money" as having an implicit "at the moment" to it in the given situation. In other words: Don't worry about not being able to give us any money until later.