BACKWARD MASKING The reduced perception that occurs when a weak stimulus is followed immediately by a stronger stimulus.
BINOCULAR RIVALRY The perceptual alternation that occurs when markedly different stimuli are presented to the two eyes – for example, horizontal bars in one eye and vertical bars in the other.
FRONTAL EYE FIELD An area in the frontal lobe that receives visual inputs and produces movements of the eye.ODDBALL
The one stimulus that is different from all of the rest. Usually refers to the stimulus that has a unique feature (colour, form, direction of motion) in a visual search array.
RACE MODEL A common model in cognitive psychology in which a behaviour is supposed to be the outcome of a race between two or more processes that have random finish times. Race models have been used to explain choice behaviour and the control of actions.
RESPONSE TIME The time that elapses between presentation of a stimulus requiring a behavioural response and the time of initiation of the response.