I didn't object because I've already objected and didn't want to repeat myself yet again. As hm--us points out, dictionary entries don't always keep up with usage.
"The patient had a seizure
" is not really an idiomatic statement in relation to a stroke. These days, it would be primarily understood as the second option given by Oxford - the patient had an (epileptic) convulsion/fit. This is in agreement with Oxymorphon's comment Zumindest was die moderne Fachliteratur angeht (d.h. in den letzten 50 Jahren) wird m.W. seizure ausschliesslich im Zusammenhang mit epileptiformen Krankeitsbildern verwendet.
. (AFAIK, epilepsy is a condition of the brain so I don't follow your comment about the contradiction in #3.)
From my quote in #11 (which is indeed in simple terms): "In present medical vocabulary, the term “apoplexy” must be replaced by either “stroke” or “hemorrhage,” according to the context."
My earlier comments referred to "apoplexy" as a standalone. In the cases of specific "apoplexies", "cerebral apoplexy" is now called "stroke" and "renal/adrenal/ovarian apoplexy" widely replaced by "renal/adrenal/ovarian h(a)emorrhage". You will still see collocations of "abdominal apoplexy" for idiopathic spontaneous intraperitoneal h(a)emorrhage (ISIH), as it is now known, and "pituitary apoplexy" continues to be used in acute onset pituitary failure of vascular origin.
As neither "pituitary apoplexy" nor "abdominal apoplexy" appear in LEO, when I said the entries were dated, I was referring to the following, which are flagged [med.]
apoplexy [med.]- apoplektischer Insult
apoplexy [med.]- die Apoplexie wiss.: Apoplexia Pl.: die Apoplexien
apoplexy [med.]- der Gehirnschlag
apoplexy [med.]- der Hirnschlag Pl.: die Hirnschläge
apoplexy [med.]- der Schlaganfall
apoplexy [med.]- der Schlagfluss veraltet Pl.: die Schlagflüsse
cerebral apoplexy [med.] - der Gehirnschlag
cerebral apoplexy [med.] - der Hirnschlag Pl.: die Hirnschläge
vitulary apoplexy - das Geburtsfieber - Kühe [Tiermedizin] Pl.: die Geburtsfieber
cerebral apoplexies pl. - die Gehirnschläge
apoplexia [med.] - apoplektischer Insult
apoplexia [med.] - der Gehirnschlag
apoplexia [med.] - der Hirninfarkt Pl.: die Hirninfarkte
apoplexia [med.] - der Schlaganfall
I can't say anything about the modern usage of "vitulary apoplexy" as that is beyond my comfort zone but the other English entries with "apoplexy" and "apoplexia" are definitely dated if they are to retain a [med.] flag. (I am not commenting on the German use of "Apoplexie" or "Apoplex" etc. just the modern usage of the English medical terms related specifically to strokes.)
Stedman's Medical Dictionary. Copyright © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. apoplexy
Dorland's Medical Dictionary for Health Consumers. © 2007 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. apoplexy
/ap·o·plexy/ (ap´o-plek″se) old term for stroke syndrome
and even Wiki:
The term formerly referred
to what is now called a stroke; nowadays, health care professionals typically specify the type of apoplexy, such as pituitary apoplexy and ovarian apoplexy."http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apoplexy